American-British scientist John O’Keefe and Norwegians May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser won the 2014 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine for discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain, the award-giving body said on Monday. The Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute says their discoveries have helped explain how the brain creates “a map of the space surrounding us and how we can navigate our way through a complex environment.”
Knowledge about the brain’s positioning system may, therefore, help us understand the mechanism underpinning the devastating spatial loss that affects people with this [Alzheimer’s] disease.
Nobel Assembly at Sweden’s Karolinska Institute
Medicine is the first of the Nobel Prizes to be awarded each year. Prizes for achievements in science, literature and peace were first awarded in 1901 in accordance with the will of dynamite inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel.